Joan Gewirtz, MD - Ophthalmologist

What are the types of dry eye?

1. Aqueous tear-deficient dry eye is a disorder in which the lacrimal glands fail to produce enough of the watery component of tears to maintain a healthy eye surface.

2. Evaporative dry eye may result from inflammation of the meibomian glands, also located in the eyelids. These glands make the lipid or oily part of tears that slows evaporation and keeps the tears stable.

Dry eye can be associated with:
  • Inflammation of the surface of the eye, the lacrimal gland, or the conjunctiva.
  • Any disease process that alters the components of the tears.
  • An increase in the surface of the eye, as in thyroid disease when the eye protrudes forward.
  • Cosmetic surgery, if the eyelids are opened too widely.
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